Haldighati And Other Wars (Part 1)

Pratap’s life and times are known to us through three main sources, the official history of the Mughal period written by court historians, the Rajasthani chroniclers, and, Tod’s Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan. The Mughal historians, Abu’l Fazl and Badauni, wrote of Rana Pratap as a renegade and a trouble-maker who caused Akbar many difficulties … Read more

Haldighati And Other Wars (Part 3)

Maharana Pratap – Haldighati And Other Wars In March 1578, Akbar sent yet another force under the overall command of his foster-brother Shahbaz Khan, to capture the fort of Kumbhalgarh, where Pratap was living. Shahbaz Khan began by occupying Kelwra, a town about three miles from Kumbhalgarh, located at the foot of the mountain. The … Read more

Haldighati And Other Wars (Part 2)

Maharana Pratap – Haldighati And Other Wars Pratap did no such thing and, instead, left Kumbhalgarh for Gogunda. There, he held a meeting to plan his war strategy. He decided, with his nobles and chieftains, not to fight the enemy on the plains but to lure them into the rugged hills. His plan worked when … Read more

Pratap Takes Over (Part 3)

Maharana Pratap – Pratap Takes Over After the coronation ceremony ended, there was celebration and feasting. Unable to go against the decision of the nobles, Jagmal seethed with thoughts of revenge. He left Mewar and joined the Mughal forces stationed at Ajmer. Akbar gave him the jagir of Jahazpur. Later, Jagmal was appointed ruler of … Read more

Pratap Takes Over (Part 2)

Maharana Pratap – Pratap Takes Over Pratap, being groomed to be Mewar’s next ruler, was now given charge of Mewar’s forces. The young commander led the forces to reclaim the kingdom’s territories of Chappan and Bhomat. He proved himself to be a man of great courage, foresight, and character; in short the ideal kingly material. … Read more

The Mewar Tradition (Part 2)

Maharana Pratap – The Mewar Tradition This meant that Rajput women were kept in seclusion and no outside male was allowed to gaze directly upon them. So, the Khalji sultan had to be satisfied with seeing Padmini’s reflection in a mirror in the queen’s summer palace. She appeared on the steps of a pavilion in … Read more

The Mewar Tradition (Part 1)

Maharana Pratap – The Mewar Tradition Over 400 years ago, when the glory of the Mughal Empire under Akbar was at its height, a battle was fought near the village of Haldighati in Rajasthan. The mighty Mughal war machine faced the army of the Sisodias of Mewar, a Rajput clan. The Mughals won the battle … Read more

The Mewar Tradition (Part 3)

Maharana Pratap – The Mewar Tradition The first few years of Udai Singh’s reign marked a stable period for Mewar because political events beyond its borders were in turmoil. In the north, Mughal rule was interrupted when Sher Shah, who held power in the eastern kingdom of Bihar, defeated Humayun at Kanauj. He established the … Read more

An Encyclopedic Approach

Encyclopedia Of Hinduism – An Encyclopedic Approach In some 800 entries, Encyclopedia of Hinduism explores the vast world of Hinduism that emerges from prehistory and lives today in astonishing variety. This volume focuses on the most signifi- cant groups within Hinduism, the religious and cultural movements that enriched its history, sig- nificant teachers and their … Read more

The Sacred Texts of Hinduism: The Vedas

Encyclopedia Of Hinduism – The Sacred Texts of Hinduism: The Vedas Considerable debate exists with regard to the rela- tionship of the Indus Valley civilization and the later Vedic tradition that focused on fire worship. The scholarly consensus for many years held that the Aryans, people who migrated from the west through Iran, arrived in … Read more